The Dachshund —or the Sausage Dog, as many like to call them— is a famous purebred dog and a beloved pet all around the world. They are praised for their intelligence and sparkly personality that earned them the 12th place on the American Kennel Club’s list of the most popular dog breeds.
With many delightful features and a characteristic appearance, the Sausage Dog will make a wonderful addition to any family. The necessary upkeep is not too demanding, and these dogs are adaptable and mostly friendly. Even Picasso was fascinated by their beauty. You can find lots of amazing facts about this breed in our Dachshund facts article.
Dachshunds come in a couple of variants. When it comes to size, they can be either Standard or Miniature. Another feature that can vary is the coat type—both Miniature and Standard Dachshund can have smooth, long, or wiry hair.
Sausage Dogs are an old breed that can be traced back to the 15th century. They originated in Germany, and their primary purpose was to hunt small game and den animals. Dachshunds excelled at the task and were capable of hunting both below and on the ground.
At the beginning of the 19th century, hunting lost its momentum, but Badger Dogs proved to have many other talents, so their fame did not dwindle. With their loyalty to people, they became exceptional watchdogs.
It is unclear when the Miniature Dachshund developed, but it was probably around that time. People appreciated Sausage Dogs and kept them as companions, so a smaller variant was more appropriate in urban environments.
Dachshunds reached stardom once they had crossed the Atlantic because America fell in love with them. During World War II, they lost popularity as German name and origin were not favorable attributes. Yet, Badger Dogs made a spectacular comeback in the 1950s and remained desirable pets ever since.
Both Dachshunds and Mini Dachshunds are quite common, with the standard version being more prevalent in suburbs and rural areas. Miniature Dach tends to be more of a city dog breed.
At first glance, Badger Dogs disarm with their almost comical appearance. Their elongated bodies and short legs earned them the Sausage Dog nickname. Because of the long spine, they were able to crawl into the dens and extract prey with such success. Their long tails were used by huntsmen to drag them out of the holes, with badgers and foxes in Dachshund’s teeth.
When it comes to the jaw, Badger Dogs have a mighty scissor bite, another characteristic of hunting dogs. Their paws are paddle-shaped, which means that they are pro diggers. The ears are floppy, and the muzzle is long. Dachshunds have almond-shaped eyes with an attentive gaze and a black nose.
The coat varies from short and smooth to long and wiry. The general belief is that long-haired pooches are the result of mixing Dachshunds and Spaniels. The color palette is broad, and some pups can combine different shades.
The difference between the Standard Dachshund and Mini Dachshund is only in size, and the above traits are applicable for both types. The difference in the size of a Standard Dachshund compared to a Miniature Dachshund is significant, with full-size specimens being twice as big as the miniature version.
|Weight||Standard Dachshund: 16–32 lbs |
Miniature Dachshund: 9–11 lbs
|Height||Standard: 8–11 inches |
Miniature: 5–6 inches
|Coat type|| |
|Coat color|| |
|Temperament||Active and friendly|
|Life expectancy||12–16 years|
|Kid-friendly||Yes (for children over five)|
|New owner friendly||Yes (with adequate training)|
|Breed recognition||Yes (American Kennel Club in 1885)|
There are no noticeable differences between the two regarding the temperament and behavioral patterns. Small dogs tend to be louder and more defensive because they often feel threatened. Most experts agree, though, that Badger Dogs are courageous and confident dogs with exceptional stamina and lots of feisty attitude.
Dachshunds are strong-willed and curious, so they can be challenging to train. Even the miniature pups show signs of stubbornness. If you are a first-time owner, raising a Weiner can be a handful, so avoid them if you lack patience or check out our care tips for new dog owners.
On the plus side, Dachshunds are people-oriented and loyal. With adequate care and love, they can become cheerful companions, and bring pure joy into your life. They can get along with fellow pets and be friendly with other pooches, though some hostility may exist among the dogs of the same sex.
Being territorial by nature, Badger Dogs can become heavy barkers. Even the Mini Dachshunds are quite loud and like to express their feelings as often as possible. This feature can become an issue if you live in an apartment building with lots of grumpy neighbors.
Although the size does not affect the temper, long-haired Dachshunds tend to be more mellow and easy-going. The trait probably comes from their Spaniel ancestors. If you are new to raising a pup, choose a Weiner with longer hair.
Training the Sausage Dog can be a demanding endeavor. With a will of their own, Dachshunds are rebels, so you need to start practicing with them from puppyhood. The crucial aspect of the process is to take the role of the pack leader.
Establishing yourself as the boss is the only way to get the respect of your baby. They will look for your approval in any disputes or conflicts, which will enable you to protect them. Of course, a little bit of trouble and mischief is bound to happen.
Getting a Miniature Badger Dog will not make the training easier. Mini Weenies are as opinionated as their larger cousins. If you would like a less demanding pet, then opt for the pups with wiry hair.
Successful training should include:
Complying with the commands is essential for the safety of your baby. Dogs must react to basic instructions like Stop or No. In urban areas with lots of traffic, this is even more important. If it’s your first time training a pooch, follow these guidelines for maximum results:
Since they are not meant to go through their life solo, dogs will never be happy unless adequately socialized. Dachshund can become moody, aggressive, or develop separation anxiety if you don’t integrate them into the community.
Make sure to include the following in your routine:
The above activities will develop the more amicable side of the Sausage Dog personality. With their positive traits at the forefront, your pooch will be relaxed and happy. And so will you.
The grooming of your furry friend depends more on the coat type than the size. Dachshunds are not challenging to maintain, especially if you opt for a short-haired Weenie.
For the Sausage Dog with a short and smooth coat, a proper brushing once a week will suffice. Long and wiry hair requires a thorough session with a pin brush, as well as occasional bathing. Shedding is not a big issue with Dachshunds, but it’s better to have a deshedder and remove excessive undercoat hair twice a month. Make sure to use only all-natural dog shampoos.
Both Mini and Standard Weiners will need nail clipping. If you are unsure how to do it, take your baby to a doggy beauty salon. Also, trimming the coat is not a bad idea, at least twice a year.
Teeth are crucial for every dog. To keep them healthy, brush as often as possible, and introduce any of the top 10 best dog dental chews for gums.
With their floppy ears prone to infections, make sure you clean them with wipes or rinse with an appropriate solution. You should pay attention to the eyes and clean or rinse any impurities to avoid conditions like conjunctivitis.
Remember that grooming is not just about health and beauty. These rituals help establish mutual trust and build a strong bond with your baby.
|Brushing frequency||Brushes for Dachshunds|
All Dachshunds are closeted overeaters, so you will have to pay attention to their appetite. Miniature Weenies will need less food than the full-size variant, but you should stick to the best dry dog food for small dogs in both cases.
All pooches are mad about the worst dry dog food as we are mad about junk food. You should restrict from giving in to their preferences and always choose high-quality products. If in doubt, try any of the following:
The menu should be versatile, so introduce the best canned dog food, or cook a delicious doggy meal yourself. For little munchkins, try to find the best puppy food brands on the market. As your pup grows older, adjust their diet with the best senior dry dog food.
Both Standard and Miniature Dachshunds are prone to obesity, so doggy sweets and treats can become an issue. Don’t let them overindulge and stay clear of the worst dog treat brands. They will only make your puppy overweight, no matter how delicious they may be.
Any type of Dachshund will be active and outdoorsy. Their hunter background requires a lot of activities to ward off all that energy. If you are more of a couch potato, avoid Weenies because they can become impossible if you keep them inside for too long.
You should include the following into your daily routine:
|Activity level||Recommended miles/week||Activity minutes/day|
|High||7 miles||60 minutes|
Both types share the same potential risks. Although Dachshunds are not too sensitive, you should always be cautious and aware of the health issues that come with this breed.
Badger Dogs tend to suffer from back problems because of their elongated bodies. Jumping is not a favorable activity for them, so try to prevent it as much as possible. If you and your pooch share a bed, or if they like to sleep on the sofa, set up a ramp, so they can get off without leaping.
Another common problem is their obsession with food. If Dachshunds gain weight, the potential risks of back injury become more significant, so keep them in good shape. With possible gastrointestinal discomfort, you have one more reason to stick to a well-balanced diet.
With good food and proper care, most dogs will remain healthy and active for a long time. As they age, the visits to the vet should be more frequent, and you should take blood and urine tests more often. Complete physical checks are another excellent way to stay ahead and prolong your Doxie’s lifespan.
|Major concerns||Minor concerns||Occasional tests|
| || || |
Despite their feisty attitude, both Standard and Miniature Dachshunds can be wonderful pets. With the love and devotion they have for humans, you will get a friend for life if you decide to let a Weenie into your family.
Badger Dogs are adaptable, so they will appreciate the snow and the heat and enjoy both country and city life. If you happen to have a small apartment downtown, it may be better to opt for the Miniature Weiner. For those of you who have a big house with a backyard, Standard Dachshund is an excellent choice.
Speaking of yards, don’t forget that Sausage Dogs are keen on digging. If you don’t want your garden plowed every day, try designating an area where your pooch can dig freely. That way, you can keep the rest of the yard mostly intact.
Dachshunds can get along well with other pets if raised properly. The same goes for children. If your kids are under five, it may be better to wait until they are more sensible and can understand boundaries. Dogs are not toys, but small children can have a hard time complying with that fact.
All Weiners are vocal dogs, so you should be ready for some constructive conversations, but also potential quarrels with your pup. Even Mini Dachshunds have a loud voice of a much larger dog, so focus on controlling it during training.
Badger Dogs tend to be mischievous, and you should not leave them alone for too long. They can be cruel to the furniture, and just because your Weenie is miniature, it doesn’t mean that they can’t cause havoc.
Although Badger Dogs are not on the list on the top 10 world’s most expensive dog breeds to own, they are not cheap either. If you are keen on getting a Sausage Dog, we advise you to hit a local shelter and adopt an abandoned Weenie. Making a lonely pooch happy is rewarding and humane. For additional ideas, check some of the best dog breeds to adopt.
Dachshunds mix well with other breeds, and you can check some of the hybrids on the list. It’s hard to say which one is more adorable.
|Dachshund Pug mix||Dachshund Lab mix||Dachshund Beagle mix|
|Dachshund Golden Retriever mix||Dachshund Pitbull mix||Dachshund Corgi mix|
|Chihuahua Dachshund mix||Jack Russell Dachshund mix||Dachshund Poodle mix|
|Dachshund Yorkie mix||German Shepherd Dachshund mix||Dachshund Terrier mix|
|Pomeranian Dachshund mix||Cocker Spaniel Dachshund mix||Shih Tzu Dachshund mix|
|Min Pin Dachshund mix||Basset Hound Dachshund mix||Dachshund Husky mix|
|Maltese Dachshund mix||Dachshund Dalmatian mix||Australian Shepherd Dachshund mix|
|Border Collie Dachshund mix||Rottweiler Dachshund mix||Doberman Dachshund mix|
|Papillon Dachshund mix||Rat Terrier Dachshund mix||Italian Greyhound Dachshund mix|
|Bulldog Dachshund mix||Blue Heeler Dachshund mix||Boxer Dachshund mix|
|Great Dane Dachshund mix||French Bulldog Dachshund mix||Weimaraner Dachshund mix|
|Dachshund Boston Terrier mix||Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dachshund mix||Cairn Terrier Dachshund mix|
|Shiba Inu Dachshund mix||Dachshund Bichon mix||Pekingese Dachshund mix|
|Schnauzer Dachshund mix||English Cream Dachshund|